[Bloat] the cisco pie patent and IETF IPR filing

Dave Taht dave.taht at gmail.com
Thu Mar 5 08:58:26 EST 2015

On Wed, Mar 4, 2015 at 12:17 AM, Vishal Misra <misra at cs.columbia.edu> wrote:
> Hi Dave,
> Thanks for your email. A few quick points:
> - I have actually sent a note already to someone on the Cisco PIE team
> about the error in the IETF IPR filing and am sure they will get it
> corrected. You have helpfully dug out the actual patent application
> and it appears that one digit got inadvertently changed in the Cisco
> IETF IPR declaration of the patent application.
> - I wish I had a "marketing department" that would do stories for me
> :-). I work at Columbia University and that story that you point out
> was done by a writer at the UMass-Amherst engineering school as an
> example of academic research having practical impact. There is an
> urgent need to support more academic research and I think stories like
> this one support the cause.

Well, yes and no. One thing I have tried really hard to do throughout
this project is give credit where credit is due, at every talk for
example, always mentioning pie, even before I actually had any data on
it's performance.- I try to give every individual that has contributed
something to this "stone soup" project, as here at uknof -


praise - for what they did to help out. There have been an amazing
level of details to sort out along the way here at every level in the
OS stack, and in the hardware and there is simply no one individual or
company I would single out as truly key, except maybe George P.

A lesson I have learned is that folk in marketing are not particularly
good at correctly distributing credit, and I assume that is how they
are taught to write, to not look at any facts outside of their
immediate objectives. [1]


and 'course nobody in the press has shown up with a photographer to
write puff pieces about the overall effort except, well, cringely's
work is not puffy enough by marketing standards:  (
http://www.cringely.com/tag/bufferbloat/ )

I admit to a great deal of frustration when nick weaver writes an
otherwise *excellent* piece in forbes,

 and expends 3+ paragraphs explaining bufferbloat, but never gives the
reader a link back *to the word* so that maybe, some CTO or CEO that
reads that rag would have some context and clue when an engineer comes
up to him asking for permission to go implement a fix that is now,
basically, off the shelf.

*I* am going to keep giving credit to everyone I can, in every talk
and presentation I do, and there are quite a few core contributors
that I wish I had called out by name more - for example, I would have
mentioned felix feitkau's contribution towards fixing wifi at the
nznog talk if I could correctly pronounce his name! I struggled for
years to be able to pronounce juliusz's!

At the very least, I hope we can do more from a SEO perspective - and
all *pull together* to get the message out - that bufferbloat is
fixed, that solutions are being standardized in the ietf, and the code
is widely available on a ton of platforms already - and move to
somehow get to where ISPs are announcing settings for things like
openwrt + sqm-scripts, and more importantly - schedules for rolling
out fixes (like docsis 3.1 and better CPE) to their customers.


What else more can we do here to cross the chasm?

> - Indeed neither me nor any of the other PI authors had any idea of
> the PIE work. I discovered it accidentally when I was at MIT giving a
> talk on Network Neutrality and Dave Clark mentioned Cisco's PIE and
> DOCSIS 3.1 to me. I later read up on PIE and was pleasantly surprised
> that our PI work from more than a decade back evolved into it.
> - I had contributed the PI code to Sally Floyd back in 2001 and it has
> been part of ns2 for the longest time (pi.cc). It shouldn't be
> difficult to adapt that for a Linux implementation and I am happy to
> help anyone who wishes to try it. Maybe that might affect your loyalty
> to fq_codel.

I let the data take me where it may. I (not) always have, but reformed
about 15 years ago. [1] I hope that you and your students also,  do
some experiments on the successors to PI and RED and DRR - and also
follow the data where-ever it leads you.

I was fiercely proud of sfqred - until fq_codel blew it away on every
benchmark I could devise. I have long longed to find another
independent expert in the field to create new experiments and/or
recreate/reproduce/disprove our results.

[1] "For a successful technology, reality must take precedence over
public relations, for Nature cannot be fooled. " - Richard P. Feyman,
Challenger Disaster report:

> -Vishal
> --
> http://www.cs.columbia.edu/~misra/
>> On Mar 4, 2015, at 1:07 AM, Dave Taht <dave.taht at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Two items:
>> A) The IETF IPR filing   http://datatracker.ietf.org/ipr/2187/ points
>> to the wrong patent: 13/874,500. A google search for that patent
>> number brings up http://www.google.com/patents/US20130239255"
>> It is ironically relevant to the discussions at hand, as that one concerns:
>> Abstract:
>> "Provided are methods of increasing the tolerance of a plant to
>> abiotic stresses and/or increasing the biomass and/or increasing the
>> yield of a plant by expressing within the plant an exogenous
>> polynucleotide homologous to SEQ ID NO:13."
>> ... As I consider myself a near-vegetable, and am 40 pounds heavier,
>> and not responding particularly well to antibiotics, after
>> participating for the past several years on all the ietf mailing lists
>> I just got off of. I am sure that upon acceptance of pie in the ietf,
>> that making that particular patent more generally available for all to
>> use would probably have similar effects on others.
>> The correct patent number for PIE, 13/874,600, is here:
>> http://www.google.com/patents/US20140328175
>> I would appreciate that the IPR filing be corrected.
>> In the meantime, here's some more great NSFW george carlin routines!
>> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tVlkxrNlp10
>> B) Vishal Misra (author of PI) gave me pointers to his PI papers
>> recently (and he had NO idea at all his work was used for pie! - he
>> got his marketing department to issue a press release about it:
>> http://engineering.umass.edu/news/got-bufferbloat-umass-amherst-research-behind-fix
>> )
>> I usually have a pretty strict policy about never reading patents, but
>> I read all those papers [1], and both! patents above. I had not fully
>> realized that the PI-AQM work went as far back as 2001. The PI update
>> equation and the PIE update equation, look pretty darn similar, just
>> the meanings of two variables, changed.
>> C) I am kind of curious if any working code for the original PI
>> algorithm exists for linux?
>> D) oh, never mind, I will blog about the rest one day.
>> [1] still prefer fq_codel.
>> --
>> Dave Täht
>> Let's make wifi fast, less jittery and reliable again!
>> https://plus.google.com/u/0/107942175615993706558/posts/TVX3o84jjmb

Dave Täht
Let's make wifi fast, less jittery and reliable again!


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