[Cake] [PATCH net-next v6] Add Common Applications Kept Enhanced (cake) qdisc

Cong Wang xiyou.wangcong at gmail.com
Mon Apr 30 19:04:38 EDT 2018

On Mon, Apr 30, 2018 at 2:27 PM, Dave Taht <dave.taht at gmail.com> wrote:
> On Mon, Apr 30, 2018 at 2:21 PM, Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong at gmail.com> wrote:
>> On Sun, Apr 29, 2018 at 2:34 PM, Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke at toke.dk> wrote:
>>> sch_cake targets the home router use case and is intended to squeeze the
>>> most bandwidth and latency out of even the slowest ISP links and routers,
>>> while presenting an API simple enough that even an ISP can configure it.
>>> Example of use on a cable ISP uplink:
>>> tc qdisc add dev eth0 cake bandwidth 20Mbit nat docsis ack-filter
>>> To shape a cable download link (ifb and tc-mirred setup elided)
>>> tc qdisc add dev ifb0 cake bandwidth 200mbit nat docsis ingress wash
>>> CAKE is filled with:
>>> * A hybrid Codel/Blue AQM algorithm, "Cobalt", tied to an FQ_Codel
>>>   derived Flow Queuing system, which autoconfigures based on the bandwidth.
>>> * A novel "triple-isolate" mode (the default) which balances per-host
>>>   and per-flow FQ even through NAT.
>>> * An deficit based shaper, that can also be used in an unlimited mode.
>>> * 8 way set associative hashing to reduce flow collisions to a minimum.
>>> * A reasonable interpretation of various diffserv latency/loss tradeoffs.
>>> * Support for zeroing diffserv markings for entering and exiting traffic.
>>> * Support for interacting well with Docsis 3.0 shaper framing.
>>> * Extensive support for DSL framing types.
>>> * Support for ack filtering.
>> Why this TCP ACK filtering has to be built into CAKE qdisc rather than
>> an independent TC filter? Why other qdisc's can't use it?
> I actually have a tc - bpf based ack filter, during the development of
> cake's ack-thinner, that I should submit one of these days. It
> proved to be of limited use.


> Probably the biggest mistake we made is by calling this cake feature a
> filter. It isn't.

It inspects the payload of each packet and drops packets, therefore
it is a filter by definition, no matter how you name it.

> Maybe we should have called it a "thinner" or something like that? In
> order to properly "thin" or "reduce" an ack stream
> you have to have a queue to look at and some related state. TC filters
> do not operate on queues, qdiscs do. Thus the "ack-filter" here is
> deeply embedded into cake's flow isolation and queue structures.

TC filters are installed on qdiscs and in the beginning qdiscs were
queues,for example, pfifo. We already have flow-based filters too
(cls_flower),so we can make them work together, although probably
it is not straight forward.

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