[Cake] [PATCH net-next v12 3/7] sch_cake: Add optional ACK filter

Ryan Mounce ryan at mounce.com.au
Fri May 18 03:43:04 EDT 2018

On 18 May 2018 at 13:38, Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet at gmail.com> wrote:
> On 05/17/2018 07:36 PM, Ryan Mounce wrote:
>> On 17 May 2018 at 22:41, Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke at toke.dk> wrote:
>>> Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet at gmail.com> writes:
>>>> On 05/17/2018 04:23 AM, Toke Høiland-Jørgensen wrote:
>>>>> We don't do full parsing of SACKs, no; we were trying to keep things
>>>>> simple... We do detect the presence of SACK options, though, and the
>>>>> presence of SACK options on an ACK will make previous ACKs be considered
>>>>> redundant.
>>>> But they are not redundant in some cases, particularly when reorders
>>>> happen in the network.
>>> Huh. I was under the impression that SACKs were basically cumulative
>>> until cleared.
>>> I.e., in packet sequence ABCDE where B and D are lost, C would have
>>> SACK(B) and E would have SACK(B,D). Are you saying that E would only
>>> have SACK(D)?
>> SACK works by acknowledging additional ranges above those that have
>> been ACKed, rather than ACKing up to the largest seen sequence number
>> and reporting missing ranges before that.
>> A - ACK(A)
>> B - lost
>> C - ACK(A) + SACK(C)
>> D - lost
>> E - ACK(A) + SACK(C, E)
>> Cake does check that the ACK sequence number is greater, or if it is
>> equal and the 'newer' ACK has the SACK option present. It doesn't
>> compare the sequence numbers inside two SACKs. If the two SACKs in the
>> above example had been reordered before reaching cake's ACK filter in
>> aggressive mode, the wrong one will be filtered.
>> This is a limitation of my naive SACK handling in cake. The default
>> 'conservative' mode happens to mitigate the problem in the above
>> scenario, but the issue could still present itself in more
>> pathological cases. It's fixable, however I'm not sure this corner
>> case is sufficiently common or severe to warrant the extra complexity.
> The extra complexity is absolutely requested for inclusion in upstream linux.
> I recommend reading rfc 2018, whole section 4 (Generating Sack Options: Data Receiver Behavior
> )
> Proposed ACK filter in Cake is messing the protocol, since the first rule is not respected
> * The first SACK block (i.e., the one immediately following the
>       kind and length fields in the option) MUST specify the contiguous
>       block of data containing the segment which triggered this ACK,
>       unless that segment advanced the Acknowledgment Number field in
>       the header.  This assures that the ACK with the SACK option
>       reflects the most recent change in the data receiver's buffer
>       queue.
> An ACK filter must either :
> Not merge ACK if they contain different SACK blocks.
> Or make a precise analysis of the SACK blocks to determine if the merge is allowed,
> ie no useful information is lost.
> The sender should get all the information as which segments were received correctly,
> assuming no ACK are dropped because of congestion on return path.

I have submitted a patch to cake's ACK filter, now it will only filter
an old SACK if its highest right block edge value is smaller than that
of the most recently received SACK. If there is reordering, neither
will be filtered.

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