[Codel] OpenWRT wrong adjustment of fq_codel defaults (Was: fq_codel_drop vs a udp flood)
leroi.lists at gmail.com
Fri May 6 14:43:54 EDT 2016
On 6 May 2016 at 15:47, Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer at redhat.com> wrote:
> I've created a OpenWRT ticket on this issue, as it seems that someone
> closed Felix'es OpenWRT email account (bad choice! emails bouncing).
> Sounds like OpenWRT and the LEDE https://www.lede-project.org/ project
> is in some kind of conflict.
> OpenWRT ticket  https://dev.openwrt.org/ticket/22349
>  http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.embedded.openwrt.devel/40298/focus=40335
OK, so, after porting the patch to 4.1 openwrt kernel and playing a
bit with fq_codel limits I was able to get 420Mbps UDP like this:
tc qdisc replace dev wlan0 parent :1 fq_codel flows 16 limit 256
This is certainly better than 30Mbps but still more than two times
less than before (900).
TCP also improved a little (550 to ~590).
Felix, others, do you want to see the ported patch, maybe I did something wrong?
Doesn't look like it will save ath10k from performance regression.
> On Fri, 6 May 2016 11:42:43 +0200
> Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer at redhat.com> wrote:
>> Hi Felix,
>> This is an important fix for OpenWRT, please read!
>> OpenWRT changed the default fq_codel sch->limit from 10240 to 1024,
>> without also adjusting q->flows_cnt. Eric explains below that you must
>> also adjust the buckets (q->flows_cnt) for this not to break. (Just
>> adjust it to 128)
>> Problematic OpenWRT commit in question:
>> 12cd6578084e ("kernel: revert fq_codel quantum override to prevent it from causing too much cpu load with higher speed (#21326)")
>> I also highly recommend you cherry-pick this very recent commit:
>> net-next: 9d18562a2278 ("fq_codel: add batch ability to fq_codel_drop()")
>> This should fix very high CPU usage in-case fq_codel goes into drop mode.
>> The problem is that drop mode was considered rare, and implementation
>> wise it was chosen to be more expensive (to save cycles on normal mode).
>> Unfortunately is it easy to trigger with an UDP flood. Drop mode is
>> especially expensive for smaller devices, as it scans a 4K big array,
>> thus 64 cache misses for small devices!
>> The fix is to allow drop-mode to bulk-drop more packets when entering
>> drop-mode (default 64 bulk drop). That way we don't suddenly
>> experience a significantly higher processing cost per packet, but
>> instead can amortize this.
>> To Eric, should we recommend OpenWRT to adjust default (max) 64 bulk
>> drop, given we also recommend bucket size to be 128 ? (thus the amount
>> of memory to scan is less, but their CPU is also much smaller).
>> On Thu, 05 May 2016 12:23:27 -0700 Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet at gmail.com> wrote:
>> > On Thu, 2016-05-05 at 19:25 +0300, Roman Yeryomin wrote:
>> > > On 5 May 2016 at 19:12, Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet at gmail.com> wrote:
>> > > > On Thu, 2016-05-05 at 17:53 +0300, Roman Yeryomin wrote:
>> > > >
>> > > >>
>> > > >> qdisc fq_codel 0: dev eth0 root refcnt 2 limit 1024p flows 1024
>> > > >> quantum 1514 target 5.0ms interval 100.0ms ecn
>> > > >> Sent 12306 bytes 128 pkt (dropped 0, overlimits 0 requeues 0)
>> > > >> backlog 0b 0p requeues 0
>> > > >> maxpacket 0 drop_overlimit 0 new_flow_count 0 ecn_mark 0
>> > > >> new_flows_len 0 old_flows_len 0
>> > > >
>> > > >
>> > > > Limit of 1024 packets and 1024 flows is not wise I think.
>> > > >
>> > > > (If all buckets are in use, each bucket has a virtual queue of 1 packet,
>> > > > which is almost the same than having no queue at all)
>> > > >
>> > > > I suggest to have at least 8 packets per bucket, to let Codel have a
>> > > > chance to trigger.
>> > > >
>> > > > So you could either reduce number of buckets to 128 (if memory is
>> > > > tight), or increase limit to 8192.
>> > >
>> > > Will try, but what I've posted is default, I didn't change/configure that.
>> > fq_codel has a default of 10240 packets and 1024 buckets.
>> > http://lxr.free-electrons.com/source/net/sched/sch_fq_codel.c#L413
>> > If someone changed that in the linux variant you use, he probably should
>> > explain the rationale.
> Best regards,
> Jesper Dangaard Brouer
> MSc.CS, Principal Kernel Engineer at Red Hat
> Author of http://www.iptv-analyzer.org
> LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/brouer
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