[Ecn-sane] Fwd: [PATCH net-next 0/4] inet: Separate DSCP from ECN bits using new dscp_t type

Dave Taht dave.taht at gmail.com
Fri Feb 4 09:04:01 EST 2022


---------- Forwarded message ---------
From: Guillaume Nault <gnault at redhat.com>
Date: Fri, Feb 4, 2022 at 5:58 AM
Subject: [PATCH net-next 0/4] inet: Separate DSCP from ECN bits using
new dscp_t type
To: David Miller <davem at davemloft.net>, Jakub Kicinski <kuba at kernel.org>
Cc: <netdev at vger.kernel.org>, Hideaki YOSHIFUJI
<yoshfuji at linux-ipv6.org>, David Ahern <dsahern at kernel.org>, Toke
Høiland-Jørgensen <toke at redhat.com>, Shuah Khan <shuah at kernel.org>,
<linux-kselftest at vger.kernel.org>, Russell Strong
<russell at strong.id.au>, Dave Taht <dave.taht at gmail.com>

The networking stack currently doesn't clearly distinguish between DSCP
and ECN bits. The entire DSCP+ECN bits are stored in u8 variables (or
structure fields), and each part of the stack handles them in their own
way, using different macros. This has created several bugs in the past
and some uncommon code paths are still unfixed.

Such bugs generally manifest by selecting invalid routes because of ECN
bits interfering with FIB routes and rules lookups (more details in the
LPC 2021 talk[1] and in the RFC of this series[2]).

This patch series aims at preventing the introduction of such bugs (and
detecting existing ones), by introducing a dscp_t type, representing
"sanitised" DSCP values (that is, with no ECN information), as opposed
to plain u8 values that contain both DSCP and ECN information. dscp_t
makes it clear for the reader what we're working on, and Sparse can
flag invalid interactions between dscp_t and plain u8.

This series converts only a few variables and structures:

  * Patch 1 converts the tclass field of struct fib6_rule. It
    effectively forbids the use of ECN bits in the tos/dsfield option
    of ip -6 rule. Rules now match packets solely based on their DSCP
    bits, so ECN doesn't influence the result any more. This contrasts
    with the previous behaviour where all 8 bits of the Traffic Class
    field were used. It is believed that this change is acceptable as
    matching ECN bits wasn't usable for IPv4, so only IPv6-only
    deployments could be depending on it. Also the previous behaviour
    made DSCP-based ip6-rules fail for packets with both a DSCP and an
    ECN mark, which is another reason why any such deploy is unlikely.

  * Patch 2 converts the tos field of struct fib4_rule. This one too
    effectively forbids defining ECN bits, this time in ip -4 rule.
    Before that, setting ECN bit 1 was accepted, while ECN bit 0 was
    rejected. But even when accepted, the rule would never match, as
    the packets would have their ECN bits cleared before doing the
    rule lookup.

  * Patch 3 converts the fc_tos field of struct fib_config. This is
    equivalent to patch 2, but for IPv4 routes. Routes using a
    tos/dsfield option with any ECN bit set is now rejected. Before
    this patch, they were accepted but, as with ip4 rules, these routes
    couldn't match any packet, since their ECN bits are cleared before
    the lookup.

  * Patch 4 converts the fa_tos field of struct fib_alias. This one is
    pure internal u8 to dscp_t conversion. While patches 1-3 had user
    facing consequences, this patch shouldn't have any side effect and
    is there to give an overview of what future conversion patches will
    look like. Conversions are quite mechanical, but imply some code
    churn, which is the price for the extra clarity a possibility of
    type checking.

To summarise, all the behaviour changes required for the dscp_t type
approach to work should be contained in patches 1-3. These changes are
edge cases of ip-route and ip-rule that don't currently work properly.
So they should be safe. Also, a kernel selftest is added for each of

Finally, this work also paves the way for allowing the usage of the 3
high order DSCP bits in IPv4 (a few call paths already handle them, but
in general the stack clears them before IPv4 rule and route lookups).

  [1] LPC 2021 talk:
        - https://linuxplumbersconf.org/event/11/contributions/943/
        - Direct link to slide deck:
  [2] RFC version of this series:
      - https://lore.kernel.org/netdev/cover.1638814614.git.gnault@redhat.com/

Changes since RFC:
  - Use simple mask instead of a bit shift to converting between u8
    and dscp_t (Toke).
  - Reword patch 4 to make it clear that no behaviour change is
    intended (Toke).
  - Add kernel selftests.
  - Rebase on latest net-next.

Guillaume Nault (4):
  ipv6: Define dscp_t and stop taking ECN bits into account in
  ipv4: Stop taking ECN bits into account in fib4-rules
  ipv4: Reject routes specifying ECN bits in rtm_tos
  ipv4: Use dscp_t in struct fib_alias

 include/net/inet_dscp.h                       | 57 ++++++++++++++
 include/net/ip_fib.h                          |  3 +-
 include/net/ipv6.h                            |  6 ++
 net/ipv4/fib_frontend.c                       | 11 ++-
 net/ipv4/fib_lookup.h                         |  3 +-
 net/ipv4/fib_rules.c                          | 18 +++--
 net/ipv4/fib_semantics.c                      | 14 ++--
 net/ipv4/fib_trie.c                           | 58 ++++++++------
 net/ipv4/route.c                              |  3 +-
 net/ipv6/fib6_rules.c                         | 19 +++--
 tools/testing/selftests/net/fib_rule_tests.sh | 60 ++++++++++++++-
 tools/testing/selftests/net/fib_tests.sh      | 76 +++++++++++++++++++
 12 files changed, 278 insertions(+), 50 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 include/net/inet_dscp.h


I tried to build a better future, a few times:

Dave Täht CEO, TekLibre, LLC

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